To help you focus on your flow numbers - and not how you got them - Openchannelflow flow offers a range of accessories for our Cutthroat flumes.
While these accessories cover a wide range of installation, site, and monitoring conditions, keep in mind that we always have the ability to customize our products to your specific needs.
For applications where below grade flow monitoring is required, Openchannelflow integrates Rectangular Cutthroat Flumes into our fiberglass Packaged Metering Manholes.
The accessories below have been developed for our Rectangular Cutthroat Flumes and may not be available for our Trapezoidal ones. Contact Openchannelflow for Trapezoidal flume availability.
End adapters are rectangular structures that attach to the end of the flume that allow flow to be transitioned into / out of the flume in a controlled manner.
End adapters can be provided with pipe stubs, flanges, or caulking collars to connect to piping. Additionally, end adapters can be left with the ends open if necessary.
End adapters are also convenient locations to mount other accessories that otherwise would not fit in the flume itself.
Starting with our regular end adapter, a curved is molded into the piece so that the flume can now be directly connected to a manhole wall. This eliminates the need to either form a transition or have a pipe connection to the flume. Staged transitions are available for number of flume / manhole diameter combinations. Contact Openchannelflow for additional details.
Wing walls are radiused (or flat) plates that are attached to the flume to direct flow into or out of the flume from the larger channel that it is installed in.
Wing walls can be factory attached or shipped loosed for field installation as required.
Due to the sensitivity of Cutthroat flumes to inlet conditions, Openchannelflow recommends that flat 45º inlet wing walls be used to transition flow into the flume.
Cutthroat flumes are susceptible to poor upstream conditions. As a result, Openchannelflow has developed a range of flow conditioning accessories.
An energy absorber is plate placed in the inlet end adapter of a flume to slow down the energetic flow from an incoming pipe. Flow enters the end adapter, hits the energy absorber, slows down as it goes around the absorber, and then flows into the flume.
Energy absorbers develop turbulence and non-uniform velocity profiles and should always be used in conjunction with flow straighteners. Also, energy absorbers should not be used on flows containing high solids as these will collect on the absorber plate.
Finally, the splashing turbulence generated by an energy absorber may require that a cover be placed over it.
Flow straighteners (usually used in sets of two or more) installed upstream of the flume serve to break up the incoming flow pattern and force it into parallel lines as it enters the flume.
Like energy absorbers, flow straighteners should not be used on flow containing large solids. They should also not be used on flows with floating debris.
For small Cutthroat flumes perforated baffle plates can be used to simultaneously slow and straight the flow entering the flume. Perforated plates are installed upstream of the entrance of the flume and are used in sets of two or more. The first plate slows down the flow and breaks up the velocity profile, while the second plate straightens out the flow as it enters the flume.
Flow / Level Accessories
A bubbler tube is a stainless steel assembly used in conjunction with a bubbler flow meter that's mounted in a cavity molded into the sidewall of a flume. The tube extends down to the floor of the flume and is secured in place by two nuts in the top flange of the flume.
Rigid and recessed from the main flow stream, a bubbler tube allows the operator to connect the usual vinyl / Teflon tubing from their bubbler flow meter to the flume.
A probe well is a small diameter tube molded on the outside of a flume that allows a submerged pressure transducer to be slid into it without the need to unbolt / mount the probe.
Essentially a ruler attached or molded into the side of a flume that allows for a quick visual measurement of the level.
With black numbers / gradation printed onto a high visibility yellow-green background, Openchannelflow staff gauges are designed to be easily read from a distance.
The standard staff gauge is dual scale with centimeters, 1/10-foot, and 1/100-foot increments. Staff gauges are also available with custom level and flow scales.
A stilling well is a chamber (round or rectangular) off to the side of a flume where flow measurement or parameter monitoring can be conducted. Isolated from the main flow of the flume, the level in a stilling well is quite – with surface waves and turbulence eliminated.
Stilling wells can be attached to the side of the flume or they can be remote from it (detached) and are available in a range of sizes – from 6-inches [15.24 cm] and up.
The connection between the flume and the stilling well is usually a 2-inch [5.08 cm] connection, although larger / smaller connections are available.
The floor of a stilling well is usually recessed below that of the flume so that there is always standing water in the stilling well at all times – even when there is no flow in the flume itself. This body of water can help to keep parameter probes wetted.
Stilling wells are not for use on sanitary flows (clogging) or flows with high solids contents (sedimentation). Periodic flushing / maintenance may be required.
An adjustable stainless steel bracket designed to hold ultrasonic transducers (and their separate temperature sensors) above a flume or stilling well. Transducers up to 1-inch [2.54 cm] can be accommodated with the standard bracket – with custom sensor holders available for larger sensors.
Openchannelflow ultrasonic transducer brackets have multiple degrees of freedom and can be mounted in horizontal or vertical positions and on uneven surfaces.
A stainless steel assembly recessed into the sidewall of a flume that allows a parameter probe to be held rigidly in place. The probe holder is secured to the top flange of the flume with two nuts, while the probe is held by two stainless steel spring clips welded to the assembly.
Probe holders are preferable to probe wells in applications where sedimentation may occur. Probe holders are not, however, recommended in applications where ragging solids are present.
A probe well is a small diameter tube molded on the outside of a flume that allows a parameter probe to be slid into it without the need to unbolt / mount the probe (like a probe holder). Simpler and cheaper than a probe holder, a probe well is essentially a smaller version of a stilling well – with all of its advantages and disadvantages.
Similar to a bubbler tube, a sampler tube is a rigid stainless steel assembly that can be mounted in a cavity molded into the sidewall of a flume. The tube extended down to the floor of the flume and is secured in place by two nuts in the top flange of the flume.
Recessed from the main flow stream, a sampler tube allows an operator to sample from the flume with standard suction line.
Unlike a sampler strainer, a sampler tube has only one opening through which a sample can be drawn. As a result, should the opening ever be clogged, no sample with is taken.
Available in bolt-down, hinged, and fixed configurations flume covers are one way of keeping debris, inflow (and prying hands) out of a flume.
Covers are available in a variety of materials and can be provided with hinged and fixed observation windows to operator access without the need to remove the cover.
In applications were more operator access may be required, sections of a flume cover can be hinged (typically over the point of measurement) while the rest of the cover remains in place.
Small Cutthroat flumes can be integrated into our Redstone Equipment Enclosures providing a turn-key flow measurement solution.
As a flume gets larger it gets heavier. This can make it both cumbersome and difficult to transport a flume to a remote site or to install it in a confined space. For these applications Openchannelflow offers flume sectioning. Sectioning a flume breaks it down into manageable sections that are later field assembled.
For Cutthroat flumes the converging section is usually one piece and the diverging section the other. For extreme applications, walls may be sectioned from floor sections and floors sectioned into multiple pieces.
The hourglass shape of the Cutthroat flume lends itself to a unique application – the dual range flume. Here a smaller flume is nested inside a larger, outer flume.
The result is an installation that can accurately measure lower flow rates and as time goes by and the flow rates increase can accurately measure those as well.
Nested flumes are usually used in applications where the flow will trend one way or the other over time (subdivision build out or water conservation), but they can also be used in applications where there is a defined pattern of widely varying flows (resorts).
For installation where foot traffic will be present next to or around a flume, recessed grating may be necessary to ensure operator safety. Mounted into a recess at the top of the flume, recessed grating is flush with the top of the flume – eliminating any trip hazard while ensuring that the operator cannot accidentally fall into the flume.
Larger flumes may require the use of multiple sections of grating while smaller flumes may have the grating as one continuous piece.
On larger flumes, replacement floors may be sectioned to aid in installation.