Like many flume types, the Trapezoidal flume was developed primarily to measure irrigation flows. The goal was to design a flume that was capable of accurately measuring a much wider range of flows than those of the Parshall flume - with particular emphasis on low flow sensitivity.
Trapezoidal flumes are well suited to agricultural applications. Their flat floor and trapezoidal design mean that the flumes conform to the normal shape of ditches, swales, and other irrigation channels.
As with the Parshall flume, the use of Trapezoidal flumes has expanded beyond its agricultural roots. Trapezoidal flume can now be found measuring industrial discharges, sanitary sewers, and dam seepage.
A class of 10 different sizes, Trapezoidal flumes can be an excellent choice where flows are variable, the channel is flat, or where the debris load in the flow stream is high.
Below 10 gpm [0.6309 l/s], Trapezoidal flumes provide the greatest usable head than any flume other the HS flume - albeit without the need for free-spilling discharge like the HS flume.
Trapezoidal Flume Materials
Openchannelflow manufactures Trapezoidal flumes in several materials to suite your specific needs:
Of these materials, fiberglass is most commonly used to measure sanitary / municipal sewage flows, while stainless steel is most common for discharges with corrosive chemicals, high temperatures, or abrasive solids or where vandalism is a concern. Where only lightweight and abrasion resistance are sought, aluminum is an excellent material choice.
Trapezoidal Flume Accessories
To help you focus on your flow number and not how you got them, Openchannelflow also offers a wide range of Trapezoidal flume accessories, including:
- Piping / end connections
- Flow condition options
- Flow meter mounts
- Sampler / parameter mounts
Trapezoidal Flume Applications
The versatility of the Trapezoidal flume has seen it used in a number of different applications, including:
- Watershed Monitoring
- Edge-of-Field Runoff
- Dam Seepage
- Ditch and Furrow Flows
- Stream Gauging
- Industrial Discharge Monitoring
- Irrigation Canals
- Spring Discharge Measurement